Dictionary of Flowers: Gazania (Treasure Flower)

Gazania (Treasure Flower) is a great choice for container gardeners. Image used under a Creative Commons licence with the kind permission of Play4Smee and Flickr
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Incredible-looking and very easy to grow, Gazania (Treasure Flower) is a great choice for container gardeners. Image used under a Creative Commons licence with the kind permission of Play4Smee and Flickr

  • Gazania
  • Common name: gazania, treasure flower
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Category: frost sensitive annual. Perennial in USDA zones 9 and warmer
  • Height: 6" to 10" 
  • Width: 8" to 10"
  • Sun
  • Blooms: late spring to early fall
  • Attracts: butterflies
  • Growth habit: bushy, trailing, mounding. Used as filler in container combinations
  • Maintenance: easy
  • Soil: average, sandy, well drained. Water regularly if grown in containers. Drought tolerant
  • Garden uses: containers, mixed border, rock garden, garden beds, groundcover
  • Diseases: crown rot and leaf spot
  • Pests: generally pest free

Generally grown as warm weather annuals, gazania is a genus of flowering plants that bear flowers similar to daisies.

Colors range from white to pink, yellow and oranges and maroon.

Flowers are often striped or bicolored. They bloom from late spring to fall. Native to South Africa, it has naturalized in many warm areas of the world. Most varieties available for purchase are hybrid.

Gazania is tolerant of a great variety of conditions. It prefers well drained soil; it can handle sandy, rocky and poor to average soil.

They are drought tolerant once established, though supplementing lack of rainfall with water during the hottest part of the summer will improve bloom.

Deadheading is needed for continuous bloom.

They need to be planted in full sun. Gazania's flower close on cloudy days and at night. 

Fertilize when setting new plants in the garden, adding a little compost to the planting hole. Then use a balanced fertilizer every two months until fall.

IWILLWRITECAPTION. Image used under a Creative Commons licence with the kind permission of NAMEOFFLICKRUSER and Flickr

Gazania is available for purchase as starter plants in nurseries. Wait to transplant until the soil is warm. Gazania does dislike cold weather.

Gazania is easy to grow from seed. Sow indoors six weeks before last frost date on moist starting mix, covering with a little soil.

Place the container in total darkness for a week. Then bring out and place in bright light. Kept at around 65F they germinate in one to three weeks.

Keep the planting medium somewhat dry after they germinate.  Harden off seedlings but wait till soil is warm to plant outside.

Treasure flower can also be propagated by basal cuttings during summer. 




IWILLWRITECAPTION. Image used under a Creative Commons licence with the kind permission of NAMEOFFLICKRUSER and Flickr

When gazania is over-watered or if drainage isn't good, it can suffer from crown rot or fungal infections. Improve drainage and remove damaged parts of the plant.

Gazania isn’t normally bothered by pests.

Popular varieties:

  • Gazania hybrid 'Daybreak' - large blooms on compact plants. Low growing and spreading. Color range from white to yellow and orange, red, and bronze
  • Gazania rigens 'Chansonette' series - compact, from six to twelve inches tall. Flowers are bronze with white, yellow, pink or orange
  • Gazania rigens 'Daybreak' – grows to eight inches tall. Flowers are light pink to rose and white with yellow and black markings
  • Gazania splendens 'Kiss and Tell' - Heavy bloomer, flower colors can be white, yellow, orange or pink with a dark ring around the base of the petals
  • Gazania rigens 'Mini Star' - short variety, up to six inches. White, yellow, orange or pink with a dark ring around the eye

IWILLWRITECAPTION. Image used under a Creative Commons licence with the kind permission of NAMEOFFLICKRUSER and Flickr

Full List of Dictionary of Flowers Entries

Annuals For Containers

Perennials For Containers

Go from Gazania (Treasure Flower) to the Dictionary of Flowers

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